Hainan FTZ: The Next Stop for Reform & Opening-up?

Insights template - 09 Hainan FTZ.jpg

Stay up to date with Hainan reforms, sign up for the B.I.O. Trip below

Hainan Business and Investment Outreach (B.I.O.) Trip” – May 20 to 22, 2019

Executive Summary

On April 13, 2018, President Xi announced that Hainan had been selected to be the 12th Free Trade Zone, with full support from the Party and the Central Government. The State Council then released a general plan on developing the island-wide Pilot FTZ in Hainan. The overarching goal is to achieve “significant progress” in the FTZ's development by 2020 with concerted efforts put towards opening up, and improving the local business and regulatory environments. At the Two Sessions this year, Premier Li mentioned Hainan three times during his delivery of the Annual Government Work Report.

Did you know that AmCham China released reports on both the Two Sessions and the Annual Government Work Report exclusively for Policy+ members? To learn more about these reports and Policy+, click here.

Against this backdrop, AmCham China Vice Chairman Greg Gilligan and President Alan Beebe are leading a delegation of member companies to Hainan Province from May 20 to 22. This will be the first time AmCham China embarks on an official tour of the province. This Insights serves as an explainer on the Hainan FTZ.

Hainan On the Move

It has been said that there are two main differences that separate Hainan from the other 11 FTZs:

1. The whole island, rather than a portion of the island, has been designated as an FTZ.

2. Hainan will not only be an FTZ, but also a free trade harbor, which allows Hainan to experiment with a multitude of policy innovations.

The details of the Hainan FTZ policies are centered around rapidly deploying reforms to improve the business environment, attract global enterprises, and welcome global talent to the island. As Hainan continues to roll out detailed policy guidelines, we would like to highlight some of the guidelines that are most relevant to AmCham China members:

  • China (Hainan) Free Trade Pilot Area General Plan released by the State Council on October 16, 2018.
  • Implementation Plan on Modern Agriculture Following Through State Council’s Support on Hainan Comprehensive Reform and Opening Up Guidance released by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on December 7, 2018.
  • Hainan Improving Business Environment Action Plan released by the Provincial Government on December 10, 2018.
  • Hainan Developing International Tourism Hub Implementation Plan released by National Development and Reform Commission on December 28, 2018.
  • Hainan Pushing for E-Commerce and Logistics Services Coordinated Development Implementation Plan released by Hainan Commerce Department, Transportation Department, and Postal Administration Bureau on January 7, 2019.
  • Hainan Provincial Health Industry Development Plan (2019 – 2025) released by Hainan Health Commission on January 11, 2019.
  • Expediting Hainan Technology Innovation Opening Up Development Implementation Plan released by Ministry of Science and Technology and Hainan Provincial Government.

According to the General Plan, Hainan plans to expand reforms and further open up in these 12 key industries:

 

To some extent, Hainan might be better equipped for a greater degree of market liberalization and policy reform than other FTZs due to its size – approximately 35400 square kms, a vast amount of available land which has enabled Hainan to expand its FTZ policies across the entirety of the island. Comparatively, the other 11 FTZs are small and isolated, only averaging about 120 square kms. Thus, Hainan stands to have a much more far-reaching impact on the national economy thanks to its size and the volume of robust industries it can support.

Suggestions

  • Join AmCham China's first-ever B.I.O. Trip to Hainan and visit businesses and stakeholders in industries such as agriculture, tourism, and healthcare to identify the intersection of growing industries, technology, and innovative business practices.
  • Communicate with provincial leadership to identify areas where foreign companies can help Hainan carry out market reform, technological innovation, and promote economic growth.
  • Keep track of reform policies and understand the government agenda behind these regulations to gain a better idea if successful reforms in the Hainan FTZ will also be introduced in other FTZs.


If you have questions about the Business and Investment Outreach (B.I.O.) Trip to Hainan and/or any inquiries on Insights, please contact Chloe Ma.

 
 
 
Check out more from Insights