To contain the impact of COVID-19, authorities at all levels of government have been rolling out policies aimed at bringing Chinese society and economy back to normal. The various policies include fiscal support for the fight against the coronavirus, measures to ensure resumption of businesses, tax waivers, relaxations in social insurance obligations, subsidies for firms, and financial stimulus.
We have compiled a comprehensive list of policies (see here) issued by China’s central and local governments for your easy reference, so interested parties can easily find the original government policy documents, their English versions, and the explanatory articles published on our website.
To help our readers better understand and leverage these policies, this article provides a holistic look on the policy directions of the Chinese government and explains key incentives of benefit to foreign investors.
We dissect the policies from five aspects – work resumption, tax breaks, social insurance cuts, financial stimulus, and support for special industries and entities.
We advise businesses and individuals to first pay attention to the national polices, such as those released by the State Council and central ministries and then keep a watchful eye on whether the local government departments have released corresponding implementation measures (you may navigate the National Government Service Platform or our comprehensive list).
For measures on work resumption, companies can focus on four documents:
- State Council: Guang Fa Ming Dian  No.4 (EN) issued on February 21, 2020.
The document proposed 16 measures in four areas – strengthening staff health testing, ensuring workplace safety, instructing staff in self-protection, and handling abnormal situations. Enterprises can use it as a checklist to ensure that the requirements for work resumption are met.
- State Council: Guo Ban Fa Ming Dian  No.6 issued on March 3, 2020.
This document announced 10 measures to streamline approval proceedings, lift unreasonable personnel and logistics controls, and optimize services to encourage enterprises to resume work.
- MOST: Guo Ke Ban Han Qu  No.21 issued on February 28, 2020.
The document issued by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) includes eight measures to support enterprises in the National High-tech Zones to resume operation. Enterprises in the Zones can pay attention to information on the service platform (https://gxq.Chinatorch.org.cn) built by the MOST.
- MIIT: MIIT Zheng Fa  No.29 issued on February 24, 2020.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) puts forward classified guidance on the resumption of production in different risk-level regions, different industries, and different enterprises.
Businesses can pay attention to two documents – MOF and STA announcement  No.8 (EN) and STA Announcement (2020) No.4 (EN) issued by the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and State Taxation Administration (STA) on February 6 and February 10, respectively, for preferential corporate income tax (CIT) and value-added tax (VAT) policies.
Related China Briefing Article: China’s Preferential Tax Policies to Help Businesses Overcome Coronavirus Stress
Corporate income tax
The STA Announcement (2020) No.8 and No.4 mentioned two major preferential CIT policies.
The first is to allow full deduction of new equipment purchase cost without depreciation for eligible enterprises producing key supplies and materials.
The eligible enterprises are determined by the provincial government, NDRC, and MIIT. You may refer to Fa Gai Ban Cai Jin  No.176 and No. 145 to see if you’re qualified.
The second is to offer five- to eight-year of loss carry over extension for enterprises in difficult industries, including transportation, catering, accommodation, and tourism (the main business of eligible enterprises needs to account for more than 50 percent of their total revenue in 2020).
The STA Announcement (2020) No.8 also proposed to monthly refund the incremental input VAT for eligible enterprises producing key supplies (Fa Gai Ban Cai Jin  No.176), exempt VAT of public transportation services, living services, courier delivery services, and transportation of key emergency supplies (the key emergency supplies list can be found in the Fa Gai Ban Cai Jin  No.145).
Individual income tax
According to MOF STA Announcement  No.10 (EN), medicines, medical supplies, and protective equipment (excluding cash) issued by the enterprises to individuals for the prevention of COVID-19 are not included in wages and salaries and are exempted from personal income tax (IIT).
Tax cuts on donations
According to MOF STA Announcement  No.9 (EN), any individual or enterprise that donates cash or materials responding to the COVID-19 outbreak through qualified social organizations, governments or their departments above the county level, or directly to the designated hospitals are able to enjoy a full deduction on their corporate income tax or individual income tax.
Enterprises, individual industrial and commercial households that donate self-produced, commissioned, or purchased goods through the eligible channels mentioned above can receive exemptions on their VAT, consumption tax, urban maintenance and construction tax, and education surcharge.
Based on MOF GACC STA Announcement  No.102 (EN), the MOF GACC STA Announcement  No.6 (EN) expanded the scope of duty-free imports. Imported supplies used for COVID-19 epidemic prevention and control can be exempted from import duties, VAT, and consumption tax.
Social Insurance Cuts
Phased reduction of the payment of three social insurances
Based on Ren She Bu Fa  No.11 (EN) and Shui Zong Han  No.33, eligible insured enterprises can be exempted from, reduce, or postpone the collection of three social insurances – pension insurance, unemployment insurance, and work injury insurance.
Related China Briefing article: China to Reduce Corporate Social Insurance Premiums, Defer Housing Provident Fund Payment
From February 2020, small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) (referring to MIIT  No.300, EN) outside Hubei province can be exempted from paying the three social insurances for no more than five months.
For large companies outside Hubei, the payment of the three social insurances can be halved for no more than three months.
All insured enterprises in Hubei province, irrespective of sizes, can enjoy the exemption of premiums of the three social insurances not exceeding five months.
For enterprises found in difficulties due to the epidemic, they can apply for a deferred payment for no more than six months without any overdue fee.
Phased reduction of basic medical insurances payment
According to the Yi Bao Fa  No.6 (EN), employee basic medical insurance payment can be reduced by 50 percent for no more than five months since February 2020.
Here, enterprises should attach significance to four government documents – Yin Fa  No.29 (EN) issued by People’s Bank of China (PBOC), Cai Jin  No.3 and Cai Jin  No.5 issued by MOF, and Yin Bao Jian Fa  No.6 (EN) issued by the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC).
Preferential loans and financial interest subsidies
According to the above documents, the PBOC will provide low-cost funds to nine national banks and some corporate banks located in key affected areas through relending, assisting them to provide credit support of preferential interest rates to key enterprises (referring to Yin Fa  No.29).
Optimizing financing guarantee services
The governmental financing guarantee or re-guarantee institutions at all levels should cancel counter-guarantee requirements and reduce the guarantee and re-guarantee fees.
The national financing guarantee fund will halve the re-guarantee fees for all governmental financing guarantee and re-guarantee institutions in worst-hit areas.
Temporary extension of loan repayment
For loan principal of SMEs in difficulty (including micro business owners and individual industrial and commercial households) that are due since January 25, 2020, banking financial institutions shall grant to the enterprises the arrangement of temporary deferred repayment of principal for a certain period by means of loan extension or loan renewal. The repayment date may be extended to June 30, 2020 at most.
Support for Special Industries and Entities
Chinese authorities are offering support to industries and entities that have been especially hit by the epidemic to stabilize the economy and employment.
For instance, trading companies should pay attention to Shang Zong Fa  No.30 (EN), which was issued by MOFCOM and contains measures how government departments can spur foreign trade, including simplifying the procedures of managing foreign trade, optimizing public legal services for trading firms, facilitating the development of e-commerce, and reducing import-export restrictions.
Other notices from STA and GACC may also be helpful for some trading firms, such as STA Announcement  No.28 (EN), which promotes paperless export tax rebate process, GACC Announcement  No.24, which allows the consignee or consignor to be excused from being present when the goods are examined by the customs, GACC Announcement  No.21, which permits extension of the time limit of verification and cancellation of manual (account) of processing trade and notices encouraging paperless applications for import and export license and opening online channels for technological import-export.
Related China Briefing Publication: China’s Support for Foreign-Invested Enterprises to Cope with the Covid-19 Outbreak
To leverage these polices, we suggest investors pay attention to the central government’s policy announcements as well as relevant local polices. This will enable them to assess their eligibility and accordingly get informed of the time and process of application. You are welcome to consult with our professionals on the ground by reaching us at China@dezshira.com.
This article was first published by China Briefing, which is produced by Dezan Shira & Associates, an AmCham China Corporate Partner Program member. The firm assists foreign investors throughout Asia from offices across the world, including in in China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Singapore, India, and Russia. Readers may write to email@example.com for more support.