2016 American Business in China White Paper

This 18th edition of the American Business in China White Paper reflects AmCham China member companies’ general commitment to the China market but also illustrates how they are continuing to weather and adapt to a challenging and constantly evolving business environment as China continues on a path of economic reform and sustainable development.

| AmCham China | 2016 White Paper | I

Chairman’s Message.................................................... II

主席致辞

 

Part One:

Business Climate Overview

商务环境综述

Domestic Reform Pressures Rise as China’s Global
Influence Expands...................................................................... 2
国际影响力上升倒逼中国深化改革
2016 White Paper Recommendation Scorecard....................... 18
2016年《白皮书》主要建议一览表
 

Part Two:

Industrial Policy and Market Access

产业政策和市场准入

Business Sustainability and Community Engagement............... 32
企业可持续性和社区参与
Competition Law...................................................................... 38
竞争法规
Compliance.............................................................................. 50
合 规
Customs.................................................................................. 58
海 关
Government Procurement........................................................ 66
政府采购
High-Tech Trade Promotion and Export Controls...................... 74
高科技贸易促进和出口管制
Human Resources ................................................................... 80
人力资源
Intellectual Property Rights....................................................... 90
知识产权
Investment Policy................................................................... 100
投资政策
Standards, Certification, and Conformity Assessment............. 112
标准、认证和合格评定
Tax Policy............................................................................... 120
税收政策
Visa Policy.............................................................................. 128
签证政策
Work Safety............................................................................ 136
安全生产
 

Part Three:

Industry-Specific Issues

具体行业问题

Agriculture.............................................................................. 144
农 业
Automotive Policy................................................................... 156
汽车政策
Banking and Capital Markets.................................................. 164
银行和资本市场
Civil Aviation........................................................................... 178
民用航空
Clean Technology................................................................... 188
清洁技术
Construction, Engineering, and Design................................... 198
建筑、工程和设计
Cosmetics.............................................................................. 204
化妆品
Direct Sales............................................................................ 208
直 销
Electronic Payment Services .................................................. 214
电子支付服务
Express Delivery Services....................................................... 218
快递服务
Food and Beverage................................................................ 222
食品与饮料
Healthcare Services, Medical Devices, and Pharmaceuticals....... 238
医疗卫生服务、医疗器械和医药
Information and Communications Technology......................... 256
信息和通信技术
Insurance............................................................................... 266
保 险
Legal Services........................................................................ 276
法律服务
Machinery Manufacturing........................................................ 282
机械制造业
Media and Entertainment........................................................ 288
媒体与娱乐
Oil and Gas, Energy, and Power............................................. 296
油气、能源和电力
Real Estate............................................................................. 304
房地产
Retail and E-Commerce......................................................... 310
零售和电子商务
 

Part Four:

Regional Issues

区域性问题

Provincial and Local Investment Environment......................... 318
省市和地方投资环境
Chengdu................................................................................ 322
成 都
Chongqing............................................................................. 330
重 庆
Northeast China..................................................................... 336
中国东北
Shanghai................................................................................ 342
上 海
Tianjin..................................................................................... 348
天 津
Wuhan.................................................................................... 354
武 汉
Acronyms................................................................. 360
 

缩写表

Table of Contents

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